肉眼观测纠缠


今天看到的一篇很cool的论文是讨论用肉眼能否看到纠缠,结论是多个人合作,用肉眼是可能”看到”纠缠的。这真是一个很有趣的题目,想人所不愿意想,把”不可能”变成可能。

Possible entanglement detection with the naked eye

Nicolas Brunner, Cyril Branciard, and Nicolas Gisin

Group of Applied Physics, University of Geneva, CH-1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland

The human eye can detect optical signals containing only a few photons. We investigate the possibility to demonstrate entanglement with such biological detectors. While one person could not detect entanglement by simply observing photons, we discuss the possibility for several observers to demonstrate entanglement in a Bell-type experiment, in which standard detectors are replaced by human eyes. Using a toy model for biological detectors that captures their main characteristic, namely, a detection threshold, we show that Bell inequalities can be violated, thus demonstrating entanglement. Remarkably, when the response function of the detector is close to a step function, quantum nonlocality can be demonstrated without any further assumptions. For smoother response functions, as for the human eye, postselection is required.

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